Archive for October 6, 2013

Meteor showers in October

Posted: October 6, 2013 in Astronomy
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It seems like October is going to be a good time for watching meteors

For further details see
http://earthsky.org/astronomy-essentials/earthskys-meteor-shower-guide?utm_source=EarthSky+News&utm_campaign=8c6056c56d-EarthSky_News&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_c643945d79-8c6056c56d-393761461

Theseus

Posted: October 6, 2013 in History
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DSC02223

Theseus was a mythical reforming King of Athens. His mother was Aethra, daughter of the king of Troezan and his father was either Aegeus, king of Athens or Poseidon, the Greek god of the sea. His exact parentage is unclear as his mother slept with both on the night of his conception. Aegeus return to Athens and Theseus grew up with his mother in Troezan. When he was a young man, he found out about his parentage and decided to make his way to Athens to meet his father. When he arrived he found that the King had taken a new consort, Medea. His father failed to recognise him, but Medea realised who he was and saw him as a threat to the succession by her own children. She persuaded Aegeus to send the brave young man on a task to kill the Marathonian Bull, hoping that he would be killed in the attempt. When he returned victorious, she then tried to poison him. But as he was about to drink the poison, his father finally recognised him and knocked the cup from his hand. Son and father were reunited and Medea fled from Athens. His cousins also tried to kill him, in order to establish themselves as the heirs. Their plan was to ambush Aegeus and Theseus and kill them both but Theseus found out about the plan and turned the tables on them.
As a tribute following the loss of a war to Crete, every seven years Athens had to send seven boys and seven girls to be devoured by a Minotaur that lived in a labyrinth on the island. Taking the place of one of the young people, Theseus went to Crete and slew the Minotaur, thus ending the need for the tribute.
He succeeded his father as king of Athens and, according to the stories, was killed when he was thrown from a cliff by Lycomedes after he had become unpopular in the city.

The statue is a Roman copy of a Greek statue from the fourth century BCE made in the first century A.D.for the Emperor Hadrian and is on display in the World museum Liverpool.