Posts Tagged ‘pacific locomotive’

Completed in 1937 this was the 100th Gresley designed Pacific locomotive to be built. It worked its life on the East Coast mainline and holds the post war steam speed record of 112 mph set on 23/5/1959. This was achieved over the same stretch of track the Mallard had used for the world record run pre-war, but the difference was that 4498 was pulling a full passenger train. It was withdrawn from service in February 1966 and sent to Crewe for refurbishment as it had been purchased by a preservation trust. Following this it was used to run railtours out of Steamtown at Carnforth. In 1994 it transfered to Great Central Railway and also did a spell at the East Lancs Railway before being based on the North York Moors railway. In 2012 it took part in the Olympic torch tour of the UK.

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video by Grantham8 (http://www.youtube.com/user/grantham8?feature=watch)


video by steamvideo (http://www.youtube.com/user/steamvideo?feature=watch)

Built in 197, this A4 pacific locomotive was originally due to be called Osprey, in keeping with the bird themed names of other A4s. However it was renamed Union of South Africa before entering service on the East Coast mainline. It was renamed as Osprey in the 1980s and 1990s due to the political situation between the UK and South Africa, but has since reverted to its original working name. In October 1964 4488 hauled the last steam train from Kings Cross to Edinburgh and it was withdrawn from service in June 1966 and passed into private hands. It has spent most of its time being based in Scotland or at the Severn valley Railway in the English Midlands and extensively used for railtours.

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video by Britains Railways (http://www.youtube.com/user/BritainsRailways?feature=watch)

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4468 Mallard was built at Doncaster in 1938. The A4 class was designed for the North-Eastern Railway by Sir Nigel Gresley to pull high speed express trains. Mallard remained in service until 1963 working the route between London and Edinburgh. Mallard is the holder of the record for the fastest steam train in the world at 125.88 MPH. This record was achieved on 3rd July 1938 on the Stoke bank section of the east coast line near Grantham. It was a risky business as a curve occurred in the line just beyond the Stoke bank and the engine needed to break heavily to ensure it remained on the rails, During this the engine overheated (a problem that had been foreseen) and the engine had to be removed from service for repairs. Mallard also took part in the 1948 Locomotive exchange trials when locos from different regions of the newly formed BR were trialed on routes they did not usually run. Mallard hauled a train from London Waterloo to Salisbury but failed following the run and was removed from the trial. Mallard also pulled the last Steam hailed flagship ‘Elizabethan’ express from London to Edinburgh on 8th September 1961.

In the 1980s the engine was restored to working order and after being used for a number of years for pulling railtours become part of the static collection at the National Railway Museum, firstly at York (till 2008) then at Shildon (2008-2010) and subsequently back at York.

The plaque on Mallard commemorating the Stoke bank record

The plaque on Mallard commemorating the Stoke bank record

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